In the coming years, blockchain may improve, standardize and make transparent contemporary scientific data approach, expertise, funding, publications, and evaluation of research.
The China Academy Computer Networks Clearinghouse announced the launch of a national blockchain-based network for scientific data. This innovation will facilitate the transparent and secure exchange of research data, traceability of publications, and define academic fraud.
China's Open Data Chain made a significant effort to harness blockchain technology for science. In recent years, scientific organizations have been examining new ways to advance the secure exchange of scientific data, including blockchain. Some well-known examples are Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the San Diego Supercomputing Center. An ownerless data warehouse can support the creation of a reliable scientific foundation. Such an exhaustive base will make science more transparent and reproducible, bringing more comprehensive and reliable scient metric indicators.
Scientific and research data is created and controlled by various organizations and research groups. Scientists often face difficulties such as data access, privacy, and property limits, differences in approaches and assessment. The scientific community needs transparent data exchange to be more productive.
Distributed ledger technology
- blockchain - is used today in various fields, starting from finance and logistics to government
. The blockchain stores data simultaneously on the numerous nodes. The blocks are connected with cryptographic keys, making the contents unchangeable. Due to cryptographic transmission and data storage in a decentralized network, the blockchain saves all changes.
Blockchain stores information at all stages of research. The collected data of scientific projects will be in the public domain, being unavailable for fraud. Since the records in the blockchain cannot be forged, everyone will always recognize the scientist who received the result first. At the same time, the blockchain will become protection against unethical research: the author will also not be able to retroactively change the data and adjust it to the desired conclusions.
Another most promising solution is implementing blockchain into publishing systems. It will help scientific communities to monitor the quality of reviewers' work. In most cases, the identity of the reviewer who evaluates the article before publication is hidden. Anonymity makes it impossible to assess the work of the reviewer. Blockchain-based protocols will allow scientists to record the connection between reviews and their authors without revealing the identity.
The third case for blockchain in science is related to other components of the invisible work of researchers. It includes informal scientific leadership, participation in discussions of colleagues' projects and seminars, brainstorming sessions, etc. Today's ratings of scientists are based on scient metric systems that take into account only one side of the work - publications in scientific publications. With the blockchain, organizations can create platforms, where other kinds of efforts will be evaluated in a multi-module system.
Moreover, blockchain transparency
can improve systems for distributing grants and raising funds in other ways through crowdfunding or mutual investments. Blockchain can handle the biggest challenges in managing scientific data, the authenticity
, and the attribution of research. Transparent science becomes the key to successful innovation and global development.
Today, blockchain for science shifts from declarations to including researchers and organizations into the actual business. Internet accelerated the exchange of information from days and hours to seconds, and blockchain can revolutionize the interaction and management of resources - people, money, data. There are prerequisites for this: scientists around the world are actively mastering cloud applications
, innovative technologies come into practice at all stages of organizing science.