5G communication will make the smart city environment better interact with artificial intelligence. The development of AI and high-speed communication will allow robotizing most of the processes. Smart cities, remote medicine, and a new standard of living await the world.
5G - communication of the fifth generation - is not just a superfast internet, but a completely different quality of services and everyday life. 4G networks have contributed to the emergence of Uber, Airbnb, TikTok, and Netflix. 5G can have an impact of a completely different level.
The data speed here is 20 times higher than 4G and reaches 20 Gbps
, while 4G only gives 1 Gbps. This difference allows users to download dozens of full-length movies to their devices in a few seconds. Online games will cease to be stuck, the quality of the image during video calls will be high, immersion in virtual reality will be full and voluminous.
5G can connect several devices at once, without degradation of the signal. A different level of development will transform the Internet of Things: the network can connect refrigerators, washing machines, wearable gadgets, communication devices in cars. 5G will change medicine, transport, production, and other industries. In the context of mobile communication with 5G, internet speeds range from 10 to 25 Gbps with minimal delays in signal transmission (only 1-2 ms). The new standard
uses not only new technologic but also software functions.
First, 5G uses several antennas on transmitters, so the speed and quality of the signal increases. The 5G signal occupies higher frequencies, which means that there will be less interference, but the transmitters should be more powerful.
Second, 5G uses network slicing, which means that in the future, logically isolated networks may appear for specific tasks: for example, a separate one for the Internet of Things and another for video streaming. Resources and technologies will be specialized for different tasks. It can avoid overloading and delaying signal transmission. That is why 5G is primarily not a consumer trend (at least for now) but an industrial one.
Thanks to 5G, quick medical advice will no longer require people to go to a clinic or hospital. 5G will exchange a massive amount of data between doctors and patients without any break. Remote medicine will improve pediatrics, psychotherapy, dermatology, neurology, and even in surgery and resuscitation. An urgent videocall to a qualified specialist can save a life.
Cardiologists and other doctors will be able to monitor their patients with wearable devices and implants. A highly qualified surgeon will be able to observe operations in a variety of clinics and correct the actions of colleagues remotely through a 5G video session. Remote medicine and telemedicine are one of the most promising and fastest-growing segments of healthcare in the world. According to Global Market Insights, the global telemedicine market will reach $38.3 billion in 2019 and more than triple to $130.5 billion by 2025.
The next-generation wireless network will help the development of unmanned vehicles
due to high data speeds. According to PwC, fully automatic transport in the largest cities of the world will appear by 2040. 5G will give autonomous cars the ability to interact with roads, traffic lights, street signs, and parking lots. All data from connected cars and Internet of Things sensors will be transferred to cloud storage and processed. Based on this, real-time traffic flow will be under control, urban transport routes will be optimized, special transport (ambulance, police, repair services) will be monitored, and offenses will be recorded. 5G will play an essential role in the safety of driverless cars due to low signal delay.
5G is primarily associated with the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart devices
. The number of machines connected to IoT is growing. There are smart light bulbs, sockets, speakers, cameras, locks, and more. For many things to communicate quickly and without fail, industrial production, smart warehouses, and homes need communication that provides a high speed of data transmission. 5G technology can solve these problems by improving home security and saving energy. The Internet of Things system
can also include smart sensors that transmit data to manage and regulate the environment, power, or detect gas leakage.
According to the latest edition of the Ericsson Mobility Report
, it is projected that 1.5 billion people will join 5G by 2024. But so far, there is no single 5G standard - several infrastructure and technology tests are underway, many of which are still being developed. There are very few 5G devices in commercial sales. At first, even 5G devices will operate on Spectrum refarming - that is, use the infrastructure that serves 4G. But this standard will be more demanding to manufacturers. When the world is tightly connected, it is crucial to agree on manufacturing and security standards. Global manufacturers still have time before 5G becomes the new standard.